Research Article| Volume 70, 104499, February 2023

Neuro rehabilitation effectiveness based on virtual reality and tele rehabilitation in people with multiple sclerosis in Argentina: Reavitelem study

Published:January 03, 2023DOI:


      • First Argentinean multicenter study of VRC and TR.
      • 54 PWMS (23 males/31 females) were recruited for VRC.
      • QOL improved from baseline to the post-intervention assessment at VRC (p=<0.001).
      • NR treatment based on VR in MS in Argentina showed to be an effective tool.


      Virtual Reality (VR) has emerged as a new treatment approach in neurorehabilitation (NR). REAVITELEM Study is a specific NR intervention program based on VR at center (VRC) and tele-rehabilitation (TR) in Argentina.
      Methods First national multicenter study with a 12-week program intervention of VRC and TR. Participants were assessed at baseline, at 6th and 12th week. Phase I: recruitment and gather of 5 NR Centers from Argentina by the coordinator center (INEBA) to unify evaluation and intervention criteria. Phase II, all centers completed VRC an TR programs. Intervention was 30-minute session, twice a week for 12 weeks. Outcome measures: Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), Fist and Key Pinch Dynamometry, Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen, Fatigue Severity Scale, Functional Independence Measure (FIM), International Questionnaire investigating Quality of life in MS (MusiQol) and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) of satisfaction after treatment.
      Results A total of 54 PWMS (23 males) were recruited for VRC. Afterwards, 14 completed TR. The mean age for VRC was 44.72 (SD ± 13.74) and 41.71 (SD ± 10.5) for TR. The median EDSS was 4, 75 for VR. At VRC, 42 have RRMS, 8 have SPMS and 4 PPMS. At TR, 13 have RRMS and 1 have SPMS. The VAS reported an excellent level of satisfaction after treatment with an average of 9, 02 (SD±1.35) in VRC and 9.42 (SD±0.66) in TR. There were significant differences for MusiQol, which improved from baseline to the post-intervention assessment at VRC (p=<0.001) and at TR (p = 0.004) as well as FIM post-intervention assessment at VCR (p = 0.02) and TR (p = 0.04).
      Conclusion this study suggest that the NR treatment based on VR in MS in Argentina, is an additional effective tool, which favors improvements in the level of functioning in activities of daily living, quality of life, mood, and satisfaction with the treatment.


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