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Physical Activity Behavior in Persons Newly Diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis: Applying the Capability – Opportunity – Motivation – Behavior (COM-B) Model

Published:November 24, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2022.104432

      Highlights

      • A large proportion of persons newly diagnosed with MS reported being physically inactive.
      • COM-B constructs explained physical activity levels of this MS subpopulation.
      • These constructs primarily belong to Capability and Motivation components of COM-B model.
      • Researchers should target these constructs in designing PA behavior change interventions.

      Abstract

      Background

      Physical activity (PA) research in multiple sclerosis (MS) typically has not focused on persons newly diagnosed with the disease. This is noteworthy as PA might be most amenable for change in the early stages of MS and further yield long-term benefits over the disease course.

      Purpose

      This study examined correlates of PA based on the Capability-Opportunity-Motivation-Behavior (COM-B) model in persons newly diagnosed with MS.

      Methods

      Participants newly diagnosed with MS (i.e., ≤2 years; n = 152) completed an online Qualtrics survey that assessed PA levels and COM-B constructs. Multivariate Analysis of Variance and Discriminant Function Analysis identified the constructs that differentiated PA groups.

      Results

      The results indicated that 39.5% and 34.2% of the sample were classified as Insufficiently Active and Not Regularly Active, respectively. The results further identified Intention, Action Control, Action Self-efficacy, Action Planning, Outcome Expectation, Goal Setting, and Recovery Self-efficacy, and Fatigue as the primary correlates of PA in persons newly diagnosed with MS.

      Conclusions

      Our results identified COM-B constructs in the Capability and Motivation domains as the primary correlates of physical activity in persons newly diagnosed with MS. Such research might inform interventions for changing physical activity in this MS subpopulation.

      Keywords

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