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Improvement in the multiple sclerosis functional composite score by multi-function swing suspension training program

Published:September 10, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2022.104174

      Highlights

      • Progression of MS disability is compensated by physical exercise.
      • MFSST is considered an efficient physical intervention.
      • MFSST is improved the MS functional composite (MSFC) score.
      • Improvement in the MSFC score is found from the fourth week onwards.

      Abstract

      Background

      Physical activity has been considered as a promising approach to slow down the disease process in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. The functional impairments of MS have been studied in detail, while evidence of the efficacy of exercise training interventions on the Multiple Sclerosis functional composite (MSFC) score in these patients is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the improvement in MSFC score by multi-function swing suspension training program (MFSST) in the women with MS.

      Methods

      The patients were divided into two groups as the intervention and control groups. A total of 47 MS patients completed the MSFC components at baseline and after the intervention: the timed 25-foot walk (T25FW); the 9-hole peg test (9HPT); and paced auditory serial addition test (PASAT). Z scores were created for each test based on control means.

      Results

      The MSFC score, 9HPT, T25FW, and PASAT showed a significant increment in comparison with the baseline levels in the four, six, and eight weeks following the first exercise session (all p<0.05). These differences in the control group were not significant. The improvement in the MSFC score and the component Z-scores in the intervention groups was found from the fourth week onwards.

      Conclusions

      The study findings highlight that the progression of MS disability can be partially compensated by physical exercise. Overall, these results indicate that MFSST can be used as an effective treatment method in patients suffering from MS. Longer (years) exercise studies with larger samples of MS patients, with different MS subtypes, and of different sex, are needed to evaluate the effect of other types of exercise interventions on the MSFC score in MS patients with different disabilities.

      Keywords

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