- •The frequency of plaques in the periventricular area was significantly higher in sporadic MS patients.
- •The callosal plaques were more common in familial MS patients.
- •No significant differences were observed between demographic and clinical characteristics.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic immune-mediated demyelinating disease. The prevalence and incidence of MS in Iran is high and is rising over time. This study was conducted to compare the demographic, clinical features and MRI findings of MS patients with history of the disease in the first-degree family members (fMS) with sporadic MS patients (sMS) to determine the importance of genetic or non-genetic factors in the development of the disease and its effect in diagnostic and therapeutic modalities.
Among the 185 patients admitted to the study, 62 were fMS patients and 123 were sMS patients. All patients underwent clinical examination and data was gathered on age, sex, age of onset, symptoms, number of attacks, disease course, family history, disease-modifying drugs, and other accompanying diseases as well as MRI findings and EDSS scores.
In this study, we demonstrated that the frequency of plaques in the periventricular area was significantly higher in sMS patients (97.56% vs 88.71%, p = 0.01) while the callosal plaques were more common in fMS patients (62.9% vs 47.97%, p = 0.05) which was statistically borderline and nonsignificant. In other evaluated parameters, no significant difference was observed.
In our study, no significant difference was observed between the demographic and clinical characteristics of fMS and sMS patients, while there was a significant difference between the two groups in MRI findings.
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Published online: September 10, 2021
Accepted: August 31, 2021
Received in revised form: August 20, 2021
Received: June 17, 2021
© 2021 Published by Elsevier B.V.