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Effects of Pilates exercises on sensory interaction, postural control and fatigue in patients with multiple sclerosis

      Highlights

      • Poor postural control is linked to sensory deficits in multiple sclerosis (MS).
      • Lack of scientific evidence the effectiveness of Pilates exercises in MS.
      • Pilates exercises for central integration is effective to improve sensory interaction.

      Abstract

      Background

      Decreased postural control, sensory integration deficits and fatigue are important problems that cause functional impairments in patients with multiple sclerosis (pwMS).

      Purpose

      To examine the effect of modified clinical Pilates exercises on sensory interaction and balance, postural control and fatigue in pwMS.

      Methods

      Eleven patients with multiple sclerosis and 12 healthy matched controls were recruited in this study. Limits of stability and postural stability tests were used to evaluate postural control by Biodex Balance System and sensory interaction assessed. Fatigue was assessed by Modified Fatigue Impact Scale. Pilates exercises were applied two times a week for 10 weeks and measurements were repeated to pwMS after exercise training.

      Results

      Postural control and fatigue (except psychosocial parameter) of pwMS were significantly worser than healthy controls (p<0.05). Significant improvements occurred in sensory interaction (eyes open, foam surface) and total, physical and cognitive scores of fatigue after 10-week modified clinical Pilates training (p<0.05). No significant changes were detected in postural control after the pilates exercises (p>0.05).

      Conclusions

      Ten-week Pilates training is effective to improve sensory interaction and to decrease fatigue. Pilates exercises can be applied safely in ambulatory pwMS for enhance sensory interaction and balance and combat fatigue. More investigations are needed.

      Keywords

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